Home Introduction Services offered Contact Tips for sewing machines

To avoid breaking needles:

Use proper size of needles for thread and fabric to

be sewn.

See that the presser foot or attachment is securely

fastened to the bar and that the needle goes through

the center of the hole.

Avoid pulling fabric when sewing. The needle may

become bent and strike the back of the needle hole.

Use a needle that is the correct length. If it is

too long it will come in contact with the bobbin

case and break. If it is too short stitches cannot


Be sure needle is tightly fastened in the needle bar.

Also be sure presser foot is tightly fastened.

Sew over pins carefully. Be sure they are perpendicular

to the seam and keep the heads of pins

away from the stitching line.

Cause of stitches looping:

Looped stitches are usually caused by improper

tension. If the loop is on the upper side, it may be

corrected by loosening the top tension or by tightening

the lower tension. If the loop is on the under

side, it is usually best corrected by adjusting the

upper tension. (Note: Some new model machines

have factory set bobbins which should not be tampered

with. Check your own machine manual).

Be sure that the upper and lower threading is correct

and that the needle is of good quality and the

correct size for the thread.

Looping of stitches is sometimes caused by placing

the bobbin in the bobbin case the wrong way.

Check you machine manual for directions.

There may be lint, dirt, or thread between tension


Causes of upper thread breaking:

Needle is in backwards.

Machine improperly threaded

Tension too tight

Needle bent or having blunt point

Thread too coarse for size needle

Burr on needle hole of presser foot (Caused by

breaking needle when pulling fabric from machine)

Needle too long for machine, or not inserted all the

way in the needle bar

Take-up spring bent or broken (Send for adjuster

to repair).

Tension discs worn so that thread works in groove

Needle too fine for size of thread and fabric to

be sewn

Threads not properly pulled back under presser

foot when starting to sew

Lint or dirt around bobbin case holder

Irregular sewing speed

Causes of lower thread breaking:

Improper threading of bobbin in bobbin case

Tension too tight

Thread wound unevenly on bobbin in bobbin

wound too full

Spring on bobbin case worn to sharp groove

Burr on under side of throat plate (sometimes

caused by sewing over pins or breaking needle)

Knot in bobbin thread

Lint, dirt, or thread under tension spring of bobbin


Causes of puckered seams:

Tension is too tight

Stitch too long for fabric being sewn, especially on

fine fabric

Wrong presser foot used

Puckered threads across seams are due to a blunt

needle or too large a needle.

Stitch too short for synthetic and easy care fabrics

With automatic machines, the use of the plate

with wide needle hole may cause straight seams

to pucker.

Upper thread and bobbin threads are of a different

size and/or type.

Pressure too heavy for fabric

Fabric pushed of pulled while stitching

Cause of machine not feeding properly:

Pressure incorrect for the fabric being sewn

The feed dog worn smooth. This can be determined

by running the finger over the teeth. If they

are not sharp, the feed dog should be replaced by a

competent adjuster.

Feed dog clogged with lint

The stitch regulator may have been turned back so

far that the feed is entirely out of action.

Needle may be bent.

Spool of thread may jerk and catch if machine is

operated too rapidly or at uneven speed.

Stitch regulator incorrectly adjusted

Throat plate incorrectly positioned

Cause of machine working heavily:

If the machine works hard after standing, it may be

gummed with oil and in need of a general cleaning.

The belt may be too tight and hence puts excessive

pressure on the bearing.

When the belt is too loose, it slips on the balance


Thread jammed in bobbin case

Cause of skipping stitches:

Needle not correctly inserted in the needle bar

Needle too small for the thread used

Needle too short for the machine

Blunt or bent needle

If zipper foot is used, the edge of the foot is too far

away from the needle.

Needle threaded incorrectly

Needle hole in throat plate too large

Pressure too light

Upper tension too tight

Upper thread and bobbin thread of different size

and /or type

Cause of stitch length variation:

Stitch regulator incorrectly adjusted

Feed dogs clogged with lint

Pressure incorrect for fabric

Tension incorrect for fabric

Throat plate adjusted incorrectly

Presser foot loose or not suited for fabric being sewn

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